The Centre for Research On New International Economic Order (CReNIEO)
The New International Economic Order (NIEO) was a set of proposals put forward during the 1970s by some developing countries through the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development to promote their interests by improving their terms of trade, increasing development assistance, developed-country tariff reductions, and other means. It was meant to be a revision of the international economic system in favour of Third World countries, replacing the Bretton Woods system, which had benefited the leading states that had created it – especially the United States. This order was demanded by the Non-Aligned Movement. Based on these ideas the Centre for Research on New International Economic order (CReNIEO) was established.
Founder Director of CReNIEO
Dr.K. Rajaratnam Ph.D London School OfEconomics. Established CReNIEO as a secular not for profit institution in the year 1979. He was greatly influenced by M.K. Gandhi’s teachings. The genesis of CReNIEO and its objectives were influenced by outcomes of numerous conferences he attended, especially the Special UN General Assembly on New International Economic Order, New York, September 1981 and he also participated in Seminar on History of Economic Thought, Oxford University, 1982. He had attended the VI Session of United Nations Commission on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), at Belgrade, June 1983.
Teacher and administrator
Teaching for 25 years Union Christian College, Shillong, Andhra Christian College, Guntur, Madras Christian College, Madras and University of Madras, Madras.
University of Madras Member of the Syndicate – 3 years Nominee of the Governor of Tamil Nadu, Convenor, Syndicate Committee (Acting Vice-Chancellor) for six weeks, Member of Selection Panel elected by Madras, University Senate and Bharathidasan University elected by the Syndicate of the University, Chairman, PG Board of Studies in Economics first to introduce new curriculum – Environmental Economics and Gandhian Studies.
Director of CReNIEO
Dr.K. Rajaratnam was the Founder and Director of CReNIEO since inception but largely delegated the establishment of projects and the running of the CReNIEO programmes to his dedicated team from late 1993 itself The phenomenal characteristics of Dr.K.Rajaratnam leadership was that he was a great motivator of people with a high level of decentralisation. Dr. K. Rajaratnam passed away on April 7th 2010.
CReNIEO -A Centre Dedicated to Research leading to Action
The CReNIEO as a not for Profit and secular organisation was established in the year 1979, as a study, research, training and action oriented organisation. The Centre has been engaged in action research and developing and implementing rural development models beginning at the community level with a view to handle the fundamental factors of rural poverty. CReNIEO believes that the Gandhian model of development could ideally be the tool to ensure the quality of life in India for the rural masses especially the schedule tribes , schedule casts and backward communities.
CReNIEO Mission Statement
The Centre for Research on New International Economic Order (CReNIEO) is committed to the total development of the socially and economically weaker sections of the Indian Society -with focus on women and children of the Fisherfolk, Dalit and Tribal communities. CReNIEO’s development plans include promoting better health, formal education, skills for natural resource management and entrepreneurial skills for economic self-reliance and at the same time ensuring permanence of social change by capacity building and motivating the poor for upholding their rights in the society. Community action for social change is the key tool in the armory of development methodology. Gender equity and Environmental care is the umbrella for sustained development of people around the lakes as well as in the forests who are the target groups of CReNIEO’s schemes of development.
CReNIEO was registered as an not for profit society on 22nd August 1985 under Tamil Nadu Society registration Act,1975.CReNIEO is also registered body under Income Tax Act under Section 12 A. The GST Number is 33AAATC0161C1ZM
CReNIEO is recognised by the University Grants Commission as a Research Centre. The Centre is affiliated to the University of Madras for M.Phil. in Economics and Ph.D. studies in Economics , History and Sociology . The Centre was also affiliated to Bharathidasan University for Ph.D. studies in History. The Centre introduced in 1989 in the M.Phil course the novel subject of Environmental Economics perhaps for the first time in India.
The Centre is engaged in direct development interventions in the tribal villages around Yercaud, and with the fisherfolk and coastal communities in Pulicat in Thiruvallur district. The Centre implements many programmes and many of which are sponsored by the Department of Science and Technology, 30 technology transfer Projects under Ministry of Science and Technology Government of India and 5 Tamil Nadu State Government departments including two professional projectsthat of resettlement and rehabilitation for 220 kms for Tamil Nadu Highways and one under Chennai Metropolitan Development Authority(CMDA) and a five year project of the Tamil Nadu Corporation for Development of Women.
CReNIEO since 2010
CReNIEO had complete 30 years, it had a very experienced board, staff, projects administrative teachers and most of all the people of the various communities with whom CReNIEO had been working with for nearly three decades. In this decade, the Children with whom CReNIEO was involved in 1980s in development education had become adults now and many hold important leadership positions in the Panchayats and government bodies and nearly all, thousands of people are sending their children to formal schools. They are accessing government schemes and the people are highly informed on environment concerns and the parents themselves have taken up new vocations in the industry. The women’s development programme starting with small savings groups has now led the women venture out for jobs and they have become very articulate, demand their rights and access government schemes. Importantly many of the poor have substantially reduced their dependency on others they were now willing to pay for the services of CReNIEO starting from education services.
Pulicat lake Pulicat National Matriculation School
The school was initiated in 1988 by Dr.K. Rajaratnam and others after an elaborate socio economic study of the people of Pulicat. The school land and buildings were provided for through foreign agencies and some parts since 2010 was provided for by the parents of the school children. The school in 1990 had standards LKG to 3rd standard with about 30 children today in 2017 has 680 coastal community children with 25 teachers having standards LKG to 10thStandard. This English medium school is recognised by the Tamil nadu Government and practices all the provisions of the 2010 Right to free Education. From a school which was once dependent on foreign grants and local donations now it is mainly run on community subscriptions such as school fees (as prescribed by the TN. Govt. fee determination Committees) and PTA donations.
The results of the 10th pass has been 100 % for the past 5 years and most have gone for higher education and then for jobs in India and abroad. This year one of the old school student had completed his Ph.D.in micro Biology from the Madras Christian College. Many of the community are sending their children to their various schools which have been established in Pulicat since 2010. These efforts have made hundreds of people seek newer livelihoods thus saving an ecologically sensitive lake from being over fished lake.
University of Madras Ph.D.Studies
At CReNIEO since inception hascompleted 67 M.Phil studies in Economics mainly on Environment and 13 Ph.D.studies in Economics and 4 studies under History.
The last Ph.D.studies was completed in 2013 entitled ” An analysis oh human development , education, health, , gender development Tiruvannamalai and Salem districts in Tamil Nadu Economic Growth In Tami Nadu Since 1990 – An analysis of Human Development indicators”.by Ms. M.. Malathi .and guided by Prof. M. Naganathan, President CReNIEO.
The University after Inspection has renewed the CReNIEO study Centre and has granted affliction for Ph.D.Studies in History, Economics and Sociology.
For vey many years the CReNIEO faculty had been dependent on foreign grants for the Ph.D. guides for their salaries and administrativecosts. The late Dr.K.M.Shyamprasad the former Director, took the initiative for identifying the various non-performing assets (NPA) lying idle, for nearly 20 years and which were a burden to the society. After following all protocols and income tax compliances the identified asset which had become a liability were converted in 2012-2013 into a small corpus fund of the society and from the income generated the costs of the faculty and the core administrative staff were met and the dependency on outside funds has virtually stopped.
Presently CReNIEO has 4 Ph.D. Candidates in History who are guided by Dr. Bernard D Sami, formerly Head of the Department of Loyola College, Chennai.
The researchers are on
|S. JesudossArokiam :||Christian Missionaries and Science in Colonial South India.|
|J.J. Ahilan Joe Woutres :||Tamil Emigration and their Socio-cultural Assimilation in South East Asian Region since 1850.|
|Martin Joseph :||Migration of Telugu Christians.|
|Anil Kumar Meena :||Subaltern Protest Movements in Tamil Nadu Since 1980s.|
Seminars and Conferences
CReNIEO has been frequently conducting seminars and consultations . 87 seminars had been conducted thus far from 1990. From 2010 the following seminars were conducted as memorial to the work of the founder Director, Dr. K. Rajaratnam.
|August 6th 2010||Social Justice In Economic Development- a lecture By Prof. M. Naganathan, Dy. Chairman Tamil Nadu State Planning Commission, and Chairperson CReNIEO. On the occasion of commemorating Dr. K. Rajaratnam’s, birth anniversary at Hotel Breeze.|
|April 7th 2011||“Protect the Poor” Lecture by Prof. M. Naganathan Vice Chairman TN Planning commission, “Protect Nature” by Prof. Ramachandran Vice Chancellor VEL University. Occasion of Dr. K. Rajaratnam First Death anniversary .|
|August 6th 2011||On the occasion of the 90 th birth anniversary of founder Director, Dr. K. Rajaratnam a paper was presented on “Development for Liberation” Dr. Joshua professor from MCC . Dr. M. Naganathan former Secretary TN Planning commission also spoke. Dr.K. M. Shyamprasad, Director, welcomed the gathering and Prof. Luther Babu gave the vote of thanks.|
|November 16th 2011||Consultation on Public Health with PPT presentation by –Prof. HåkanHydén – Professor of Sociology & Law, Lund University Sweden., D. Sundram –member of Tamil Nadu Backward Commission & member CReNIEO Governing Board.Dr. K. M. Shyamprasad, Director, CReNIEO., Dr. V. Nagarajan, Presently Consultant, RADIUS , Intel –e-learning & CReNIEO digital library .Dr. P.Nagabooshanam , Former Vice Chancellor Ambedkar Law University , Chennai. Ms. Premanjali Rao, Director, Finance and administration. Dr. V. Loganathan, Former Professor of Economics University of Madras, Presently Dean of CReNIEO. At CReNIEO City office. 3 pm.|
|April 7th 2013||Dr. Duraisawmy Professor of Ecometrics, University of Madras, presentation on “Economic Governance –Issues and perspectives on inequality and poverty”|
|April 7th 2014||Drinking water and Rain water harvesting in Chennai – Dr. Kaarmegam, former Director, Centre for water resources, Anna University Chennai.|
|August 6th 2014||Dr. JothiSivaganam, Head of the Department of Economics, “Fiscal Federalism Theory & Practice”,|
|April 6th 2015||Seminar on ‘Indentured Labour to Migrant Worker’ (Gandhi’s South African Experience) by Dr. Bernard D’ Sami Professor of History, Loyola College Chennai and the other presentation will be on “Development and Social Media”by Dr. Albones Raj Professor of Sociology, Loyola college Chennai|
|August 7th 2015||Dr. Paul Appasamy, “Is there a trade-off between environment and development The sustainable development of Pulicat Lake”|
|April 9th 2016||Dr. R. Srinivasan, Associate professor Dept. of Econometrics, University of Madras ‘ “Economic statistics, myth and reality”|
|August 6th 2016||“Chennai Floods 2015 Disaster or opportunity?“ The distinguished speaker at this seminar waslbe Dr. S. Janakarajan, who is presently Professorial Consultant at the Madras Institute of Development Studies (MIDS) Adyar, Chennai. Prof. M .Naganathan presided.|
|6th December 2017||“Consultation on bio diversity in Pulicat lake and the way forward” Dr.T.D.Babu, Dr. Nammalwar, Dr. Jeyaraj, Dr.AswathyRajan, Mr. Govindan. Prof. D.S.Luther welcomed the gathering.|
Environment and rural development Projects
The CReNIEO implements various development and bio diversity restoration programmes in regions of Pulicat and Yercaud hills. In a major shift CReNIEO since 2011 has been focusing on restoring bio diversity and bringing back traditional practices low energy production especially in cultivation of millets.
CReNIEO network from National to International
The Centre hascontinued its network with the South central India Network Development alternatives and the living lakes network.
Since 2015 CReNIEO has now a co –a partner with the NEWS (Nature Environment Wildlife Society) an organisation working on the conservation of mangroves Salamander, Sea turtles, Lesser cats, Clouded Leopard, Goliath heron, marsh mongoose, etc. CReNIEO is also a partner of the network on mangrove and coastal livelihoods in Sri Lanka, Thailand, Cambodia and Sri Lanka.
CReNIEO International Support agencies from traditional donors to Corporate partners
The professionalism developed by the various field staff has lead refocused on its funding partners to corporate funding like, The Global nature Fund, BMZ Government of Germany, AG Daimler and Mercedes Benz (India), SIKA Germany Organic Rapunzel Fair Trade.
Pulicat Bio Diversity restoration
The livelihoods of the people of the Pulicat lake depend on fishing. The CReNIEO since 2011 has been focusing on restoration of mangroves in very difficult areas of Pulicat.
A total of 30,000 mangrove seeds and saplings have been planted and the expected survival rate is around 40 %. More over a network of canals of 2500 meters in the swamp areas has been dug using local people. This is a very high labour intensive project and there needs to be judicious selection of spots taking into the tide cycles and salinity levels. To help people to realise the immediate benefits.Many income generation, awareness programmes and home stead and community gardens have been established. Around 200 fish species, 19 grass types, 20 migratory birds, 30 plankton and 5 mangrove insect species have been recorded and identified. The school children are involved in environment education, plantation and exhibitions.
Yercaud Tribal development
This project now focuses on skills training, child rights education, water development and reviving of traditional organic millet farming using locally available organic fertilizers and pesticides. Conservation of traditional seeds .
- CReNIEO is registered under DARPAN under National Informatics Centre.
- CReNIEO has renewed its Foreign Contribution Registration Act Certificate for 5 years.
- CReNIEO has filed its quarterly and annual FCRA returns to the Ministry of Home Affairs.
- CReNIEO has filed its IT returns within due dates for the assessment year 2017-2018.
- CRENIEO has filed its Society returns to the Registrar of societies.
- CReNIEO has secured its own GST number has paid up to date.
- CReNIEO has submitted finance reports and narrative reports to its donor agencies.
- CReNIEO conducts regular Annual General Body meetings and four Executive body meetings.
- PNMS returns to Inspector of Matriculation Schools.